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This study introduces the basic concepts of observational research by defining the terms and discussing some of the critical issues specific to observational research. Observational methods signify a systematic approach to quantifying behavior. A discussion of the major concerns in observational research is presented. These concerns include defining the coding categories; identifying the unit of measurement, the method of recording the observation, and deciding on a sampling strategy; training of observers; and interrater and intrarater reliability.
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© 1992 Published by Elsevier Inc.