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Psychometric Testing of Family Centered Care (FCC) Instrument: A Mixed Methods Analysis of Pediatric Nurses and Their Workplace Perceptions of FCC

Published:March 29, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pedn.2021.03.015

      Abstract

      Background/purpose

      Family-Centered care (FCC) is a model used in pediatric healthcare delivery wherein planning care for children incorporates the family, but questions remain whether there has been effective FCC implementation in practice. The purpose of this study was to examine the importance of FCC to pediatric nurses and their view of their organizations' support of FCC implementation.

      Method

      A survey with FCC descriptor statements was distributed electronically to the Society of Pediatric Nurses. Direct care nurses (N = 132) responded to demographic questions including their education level and organization size, and 26 items rating the importance of elements of FCC in their care (as it applies to themselves) and in their organizations (as it applies to their hospital or organization) using a 5-point Likert scale. Open ended questions supplemented the survey to yield narrative comments to triangulate the findings.

      Results

      The nurses' personal responses and their rating of their organizations were analyzed separately. The Cronbach alphas were 0.867 and 0.938, respectively. Factor analyses revealed the same three factors in the two foci of questions for (a) the nurse's own practice and (b) the organization's support of FCC: Philosophy of FCC, Implementation of FCC and Environment Variations of FCC. A qualitative process of narrative analysis added support to the factors with clarity in thematic triangulation. Additionally, there was a significant difference in the mean scores between nurses' personal responses and the mean scores for their organizations for all three factors (p = .000) and for self-reported FCC by nursing education to validate the utility of the tool.

      Conclusions

      This instrument quantified the importance of FCC to pediatric nurses and their workplace support of FCC and can be used in future studies to evaluate FCC.

      Keywords

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