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The effect of mobile applications in enhancing asthma knowledge among school children with asthma in Malaysia

Published:March 09, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pedn.2022.02.012

      Abstract

      Purpose

      This study set out to evaluate the impact of health education provided on mobile applications (app) to urban-living school children with asthma in Malaysia to improve their asthma-related knowledge.

      Design and methods

      This was a quasi-experimental study with pre-and post-intervention involving 214 respondents from six schools were selected randomly and assigned to the experimental and control groups. The intervention, i.e. the health education via mobile apps was given to the experimental group while the control group received the routine face-to-face education.

      Results

      The mean knowledge score increased post-intervention in the experimental group from 15.5 ± 8.77 to 24.6 ± 6.69. Children with a moderate level of knowledge accounted for the biggest proportion in both group control and experimental groups in the pre-intervention stage. In contrast, the proportion of children with a high level of knowledge was the highest in the experimental group post-intervention. Therefore, health education delivered via mobile apps led to a statistically significant improvement in the asthma knowledge of the children (F [1, 288] = 22.940, p ≤0.01).

      Conclusion

      Compared to the conventional face-to-face education methods of lectures or handbooks, mobile technology is more effective in delivering health education and improving the knowledge of school children with asthma. Therefore, educational modules aimed at improving knowledge should be modified to incorporate mobile apps.

      Practice implications

      Health education via mobile applications is considered a great innovation in school children with asthma education, or as a supplement to conventional learning methods. It is necessary to place health education via mobile applications as a prominent learning strategy for school children with asthma.

      Keywords

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