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Factors affecting sleep quality of mothers of children with chronic illnesses

Published:April 21, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pedn.2022.04.008

      Highlights

      • As the types of children's chronic illnesses vary, the sleep quality of their mothers varies as well.
      • Nearly two-thirds of the mothers in both illness groups of the present study had poor sleep quality.
      • Diagnosis duration and wakeup for the care/treatment of children at night were the main predictors for poor sleep quality.
      • Mothers often have problems of sleep disturbances, subjective sleep quality, sleep latency.

      Abstract

      Purpose

      This present research, mothers of children with chronic illnesses were compared with mothers of children with no chronic illnesses with the aim of determining which factors affect their sleep quality.

      Design and methods

      The descriptive-type data obtained from this research were collected from 270 mothers of children with chronic illnesses and 197 mothers of healthy children between November 10 and December 10, 2021. All participants were asked to complete a survey. The data were assessed using IBM SPSS Statistics Version 25 and the chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, t-test, ANOVA (Analysis of Variance), and Logistic Regression Analysis.

      Results

      The total mean The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) score for mothers of chronically ill children was found to be 9.79 ± 3.68 while it was 6.68 ± 3.62 for mothers of heathy children with a statically significant difference (t = 9.075, p = 0.00). The fact that mothers wake up for the care/treatment of their children due to the onset of an illness was found to be associated with poor sleep quality (OR = 0.388 p = 0.017; OR = 0.178, p = 0.000).

      Conclusions

      In the present study, it was determined that mothers of children with chronic illnesses suffer from sleep problems and that the sleep quality of those mothers varies depending on the illness types of their children.

      Practice implications

      Pediatric nurses are requested to assess the sleep quality of mothers with suitable measurement tools to determine what types of problems affect sleep quality negatively when dealing with children with chronic illnesses in both clinical and non-clinical practices.

      Keywords

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