Research Article| Volume 66, e152-e159, September 2022

An educational design and development project for pediatric heart transplant recipients and their families

Published:April 22, 2022DOI:



      The purpose of this project is to systematically derive and develop educational content for children who have undergone heart transplants and their families to improve the families' and caregivers' ability to manage child health in South Korea.

      Design and methods

      This project developed educational content through the first three steps: “Analysis,” “Design,” and “Development” of the five steps outlined in the ADDIE (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation) model. The educational contents were derived from an analysis of six literature reviews and six studies, seven websites, and interviews with six caregivers of children who have undergone a heart transplant. Based on these analyses, educational items were designed. When a draft of the education contents was developed, the content validity was validated by ten experts.


      Educational items were designed in nine major categories and 40 sub-categories. All contents were validated with a content validity index of at least 0.8 or higher and included in the education content for pediatric heart transplant families, with recommendations for further modification based on expert advice.

      Practice implications

      This project is meaningful in that it has developed health management education contents suitable for the situation in South Korea through analyzing previous studies and educational contents of domestic and international medical centers as well as an in-depth interview with caregivers.


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