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Salami slicing and other fatal flaws to avoid in publishing qualitative findings

      Recently at our yearly regional nursing research society conference, a small group of us at the qualitative research interest group discussed a persistent problem we encounter when conducting peer reviews for academic journals and/or when perusing published empirical literature. The phenomenon we have come upon is qualitative salami slicing, a technique where a researcher presents partial findings from one qualitative study in multiple papers rather than presenting all the themes as a whole. This results in publication findings that lack the comprehensive participants' voice and thus the whole meaning of the results (
      • Happell B.
      Salami: By the slice or swallowed whole?.
      ;
      • Janghorban R.
      • Azarkish F.
      Salami publication in qualitative research: An ethical challenge.
      ). In addition, salami publication not only skews the scientific database but also creates misperceptions among readers that each segment of the slice was derived from a different sample.
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