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Care readiness and positive feelings of family caregivers of children with liver transplantation in China: A cross-sectional study

Published:October 19, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pedn.2022.08.018

      Highlights

      • It is necessary to more seriously recognise and raise the level of care readiness for family caregivers of pediatric liver transplantation.
      • There was a positive correlation between care readiness and positive feelings.
      • The interventions aimed at improving the positive feelings of family caregivers may enhance their level of care readiness.

      Abstract

      Aim

      This research aimed to explore the level of care readiness and positive feelings of family caregivers of children with liver transplantation, and predictive factors of care readiness were alsoinvestigated.

      Background

      Children with liver transplant require high level and extensive postoperative care. Family caregivers lack professional care knowledge and experience for surgical trauma, postoperative care, anti rejection drug guidance and so on. Good care readiness can not only promote family caregivers to improve their positive emotions and physical and mental health, but also play a positive role in the recovery of children's diseases. Therefore, efforts are needed to improve the readiness of family caregivers.

      Design/Methods

      A total of 107 family caregivers of children undergoing liver transplantation participated in this cross-sectional study. Sociodemographic data, disease characteristics, and measures of care readiness and positive feelings were collected using questionnaires.The Care Preparedness Scale (CPS) was used to assess care readiness, and the Positive Aspects of Caregiving (PAC) was used to assess positive feelings of family caregivers of children with liver transplantation. This paper adhered to the STROBE guidelines.

      Results

      According to the statistical results, the total score of the CPS was 18.07 ± 5.51, and that of the PAC was 26.63 ± 4.05. There was a positive correlation between care readiness and positive feelings (r = 0.413, p < 0.05). Multiple linear step-wise regression analysis revealed that the total score of the PAC, undernourishment, caregiver education, relationship with children and care trainingresidence were the independent influencing factors of the readiness of caregivers (p < 0.05).

      Conclusions

      The care readiness of the family caregivers of children with liver transplantation was at a medium level. Medical personnel can implement targeted health education and carry out personalized care skill training to improve the positive feelings of caregivers and then improve the readiness of caregivers.

      Keywords

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