Optimal complementary feeding practice is a child feeding practice that fulfills the
minimum dietary diversity, the minimum meal frequency, continuing breastfeeding with
complementary feeding, and initiation of complementary feeding from 6 to 8 months.
A community-based comparative cross-sectional study was conducted on a total of 732
randomly selected mothers having children 6 to 23 months of age from March 10 to April
21 /2021.Data were collected using a pre-tested interviewer-administered questionnaire.
Data entry was performed by using Epi data version 3.1 and was exported to Stata version
14.1. Descriptive statistics were done. Multivariable Logistic regression was used
to predict the role of independent variables on optimal complementary feeding. Findings
with a p-value <0.05 at a 95% confidence interval (CI) were considered statistically significant
in the final model.
The overall proportion of mothers with optimal complementary feeding practice was
18.1% (95% C I 15.3% – 21.0). Only 90 (25.1%, 95% CI = 20.6–29.7) of mothers were
found to have optimal complementary feeding practice in NGO supported kebeles but
only 37 (10.8%, 95% CI = 7.5–14.1) practiced optimal complementary feeding is not
NGO-supported kebeles. Mothers from Kebeles with no NGO support were 46% (AOR = 0.54,
95% CI 0.31, 0.96) less likely to practice optimal complementary feeding. On the other
hand, mothers of children aged20–23 months were four times (AOR = 4.47, 95% CI 2.02–9.91)
more likely to practice optimal complementary feeding than mothers having children
6–8 months of age.
Different interventions have been implemented by governmental and non-governmental
organizations to improve this condition in Dessie Zuria District. But, there is limited
data on the extent to which intervention by governmental and non-governmental organizations
reduces this improving condition. The aim of this study was to assess the Optimal
Complementary Feeding Practice and Associated Factors among Mothers Having Children
Aged 6–23 Months, Ethiopia 2021.
Optimal complementary feeding practices among mothers in NGO-supported kebeles were
higher than not supported kebeles. Therefore, strengthening and scaling up the program
to not-supported kebeles is recommended to improve the optimal complementary feeding