Advertisement

The effect of feeding methods of bottle and injector on the transition to full breastfeeding and sucking success in preterm newborns: A randomized controlled trial

Published:November 03, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pedn.2022.09.016

      Highlights

      • There is no universally accepted approach to feeding preterm infants.
      • The injector feeding method has a positive effect on the sucking success of the newborn, the transition time to full breastfeeding and the vital signs than the bottle-feeding method.

      Abstract

      Purpose

      This study was conducted to investigate the effects of feeding methods of bottle and injector on the transition to full breastfeeding and sucking success in preterm newborns.

      Design and methods

      This study was a randomized controlled type experimental study. The study sample included 62 preterm newborns, resulting from the strength analysis, who were treated in the neonatal intensive care unit of a university hospital (31 bottle-feeding group, 31 injector feeding group). Data were collected using the Descriptive Information Form, Preterm Infant Follow-up Form and LATCH Breastfeeding Diagnostic Scale. The infants in the syringe and the bottle-feeding group were fed, and the sucking successes and transition times to breastfeeding were evaluated during the first breastfeeding, after 48 h and before discharge.

      Results

      When sucking successes and transition times to breastfeeding were evaluated, LATCH scores of the mothers in the syringe feeding group were significantly higher than the mothers in the bottle-feeding group, and infants switched to full breastfeeding in a shorter time (p < 0.05). When the physical parameter results were evaluated, the mean heart rate of the babies in the bottlefed group was significantly higher than the injector-fed group (p < 0.05).

      Conclusions

      It has been seen that injecting feeding method has a positive effect on the success of the newborn, the time of transition to full breastfeeding and life signs according to the bottle-feeding method. The findings obtained in this study suggest that to increase the success of sucking, shortening the transition time to full breastfeeding and using the injector feding method to maintain stabile physical parameters.

      Application to practice

      The findings obtained in this study suggest that to increase the success of sucking, shortening the transition time to full breastfeeding and using the injector feding method to maintain stabile physical parameters.

      Keywords

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      References

        • Abouelfettoh A.M.
        • Dowling D.A.
        • Dabash S.A.
        • Elguindy S.R.
        • Seoud I.A.
        Cup versus bottle-feeding for hospitalized late preterm infants in Egypt: A quasi-experimental study.
        International Breastfeeding Journal. 2008; 3: 1-11
        • Aloysius A.
        • Hickson M.
        Evaluation of paladai cup feeding in breast-fed preterm infants compared with bottle feeding.
        Early Human Development. 2007; 83: 619-621
        • Al-Sahab B.
        • Feldman M.
        • Macpherson A.
        • Ohlsson A.
        • Tamim H.
        Which method of breastfeeding supplementation is best? The beliefs and practices of paediatricians and nurses.
        Pediatric Child Health. 2010; 15: 427-431
        • Aytekin A.
        • Albayrak E.B.
        • Küçükoğlu S.
        • Caner I.
        The effect of feeding with spoon and bottle on the time of switching to full breastfeeding and sucking success in preterm babies.
        Turkish Archives of Pediatrics. 2014; 49: 307-313
        • Çelik F.
        • Sen S.
        • Karayagız Muslu G.
        Effects of oral stimulation and supplemental nursing system on the transition time to full breast of mother and sucking success in preterm infants: A randomized controlled trial.
        SAGE Journals. 2021; 0: 1-10
        • Chen C.
        • Wang T.
        • Chang H.
        • Chi C.
        The effect of breast- and bottle-feeding on oxygen saturation and body temperature in preterm infants.
        Journal of Human Lactation. 2000; 16: 21-27
        • Collins C.T.
        • Crowther C.A.
        • Hiller J.T.
        Effect of bottles, cups, and dummies on breastfeeding in preterm infants: A randomised controlledtrial.
        British Medical Journal. 2004; 329: 193-198
        • Collins C.T.
        • Makrides M.
        • Gillis J.
        • McPhee A.J.
        Avoidance of bottles during the establishment of breastfeeds in preterm infants.
        Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2016; 4: 1-39
        • Dowling D.A.
        • Meier P.P.
        • DiFiore J.M.
        • Blatz M.
        • Martin R.J.
        Cup-feeding for preterm infants: Mechanics and safety.
        Journal of Human Lactation. 2002; 18: 13-20
        • Dowling D.A.
        • Thanattherakul W.
        Nipple confusion, alternative feeding methods and breastfeeding supplementation: State of the science.
        Newborn and Infant Nursing Reviews. 2001; 4: 217-223
        • Girgin B.A.
        • Gözen D.
        Assessment of oral feeding readines in preterm infants.
        Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Nursing Sciences. 2017; 9: 329-336
        • Girgin B.A.
        • Gözen D.
        Turkish neonatal nurses’ knowledge and practices regarding the transition to oral feeding in preterm infants: A descriptive, cross-sectional study.
        Journal of Pediatric Nursing. 2020; 53: 179-185
        • Goldfield E.C.
        • Rıchardson M.J.
        • Kımberly G.L.
        • Margetts S.
        Coordination of sucking, swallowing, and breathing and oxygen saturation during early infant breastfeeding and bottle-feeding.
        Pediatric Reasearch. 2006; 60: 450-455
        • Gupta A.
        • Khanna K.
        • Chattre S.
        Cup feeding: An alternative to bottle-feeding in a neonatal intensive care unit.
        Journal of Tropical Pediatrics. 1999; 45: 108-110
        • Herber-Jonat S.
        Breastfeeding in prematüre infants.
        Zeitschrift fur Geburt shilfe und Neonatologie. 2007; 211: 8-12
        • Korkmaz A.
        • Aydın Ş.
        • Aysu Duyan A.Ç.
        • Okumuş N.
        • Onat N.
        • Özbaş S.
        • Polat E.
        • Şenel S.
        • Tezel B.
        • Tezer H.
        • Köse M.R.
        Causes of infant death in Turkey and evaluation of the national registration system.
        Turkish Journal of Pediatric Disease. 2013; 56: 105-121
        • Mizuno K.
        • Ueda A.
        The maturation and coordination of sucking, swallowing and respiration in preterminfants.
        The Journal of Pediatrics. 2003; 142: 36-40
        • Moreiraa C.M.D.
        • Cavalcante-Silva R.P.G.V.
        • Fujinaga C.I.
        • Marson F.
        Comparison of the finger-feeding versus cup feeding methods in the transition from gastric to oral feeding in preterm infants.
        Jornal de Pediatria. 2017; 93: 585-591
        • Rocha N.M.N.
        • Martinez F.E.
        • Jorge S.M.
        Cup or bottle for preterm ınfants: Effects on oxygen saturation, weight gain, and breastfeeding.
        Journal of Human Lactation. 2002; 18: 132-138
        • Savaşer S.
        Newborn nutrition.
        in: Dağoğlu T. Görak G. Ovalı F. Temel Neonatoloji Ve Hemşirelik İlkeleri. Nobel Tıp Kitabevleri, İstanbul2008: 211-231
        • Say B.
        • Kadioglu Simsek G.
        • Canpolat F.E.
        • Oguz S.S.
        Effects of pacifier use on transition timefrom gavage to breastfeeding in preterm infants: A randomized controlled trial.
        Breastfeeding Medicine. 2018; 31: 1-6
        • Westrup B.
        Newborn individualized developmental care and assesment program (NIDCAP)- family centered developmentally supportive care.
        Early Human Development. 2007; 83: 443-449
        • Yenal K.
        • Okumuş H.
        Reliability of latch breastfeeding assesment tool.
        Turkish Journal of Research & Development in Nursing. 2003; 5: 38-44
        • Yildiz A.
        • Arıkan D.
        The effects of giving pacifiers to premature infants and making them listen to lullabies on their transition period for total oral feeding and sucking success.
        Journal of Clinical Nursing. 2012; 21: 644-656
        • Yilmaz G.
        • Caylan N.
        • Karacan C.D.
        • Bodur İ.
        • Gokcay G.
        Effect of cup feding and bottle-feeding on breastfeeding in late preterm infants: A randomized controlled study.
        Journal of Human Lactation. 2014; 30: 174-179
        • Yurttutan S.
        • Uraş N.
        Feeding the premature baby with breast milk.
        in: Bülbül A. Uslu H.S. Nuhoğlu A. Enteral feeding of the premature baby. 1th ed. İstanbul Tıp Kitabevi, İstanbul2013: 27-37