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Association between lifestyle-related, psychosocial factors and obesity among female adolescents in Taiwan

  • Pei-Ching Liu
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author at: National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, College of Nursing, Department of Nursing, No. 155, Sec. 2, Linong St., Beitou Dist., Taipei City 112304, Taiwan.
    Affiliations
    Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, No. 155, Sec. 2, Linong St., Beitou Dist., Taipei City 112304, Taiwan
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  • Yu-Cheng Lin
    Affiliations
    MD, PhD, Department of Pediatrics, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, No.21, Sec. 2, Nanya S. Rd., Banciao Dist., New Taipei City 220216, Taiwan

    Associate Professor, School of Medicine, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, No. 155, Sec. 2, Linong St., Beitou Dist., Taipei City 112304, Taiwan
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  • Bih-Shya Gau
    Affiliations
    Associate Professor, School of Nursing, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, No. 1, Sec. 1, Ren'ai Rd., Zhongzheng Dist., Taipei City 100233, Taiwan
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  • Heng-Hsin Tung
    Affiliations
    Professor, Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, No. 155, Sec. 2, Linong St., Beitou Dist., Taipei City 112304, Taiwan.
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  • Sophia H. Hu
    Affiliations
    Professor, Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, No. 155, Sec. 2, Linong St., Beitou Dist., Taipei City 112304, Taiwan.
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  • Chi-Wen Chen
    Affiliations
    Professor, Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, No. 155, Sec. 2, Linong St., Beitou Dist., Taipei City 112304, Taiwan.
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Published:November 22, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pedn.2022.11.011

      Highlights

      • There is a dearth of research focused on overweight female adolescents and correlates contributing to their obesity.
      • This study depicted a wide spectrum of potential correlates associated with obesity exclusively among female adolescents.
      • Multicomponent interventions targeting female adolescents are encouraged to alleviate their obesity-related health burden.

      Abstract

      Purpose

      To examine a wide range of potential contributors to the risk of obesity in female adolescents.

      Design and methods

      Data for this study were collected using a cross-sectional design. A group of 175 female adolescents were recruited, and information on their demographic characteristics, lifestyle-related behaviors, and psychosocial factors was collected using a self-administered questionnaire during September 2018 to January 2019. Data were analyzed using SPSS 24.0.

      Results

      An overestimation of body weight was negatively correlated with overweight in the female adolescents. Age at menarche was negatively correlated with the arisk of overweight. Adolescents who slept for >7 h on weekend nights were less likely to be overweight. Eating more cheese, fish, seafood, and organ meats was negatively correlated with obesity risk. The female adolescents were more likely to become overweight if they ate dinners prepared by family and experienced more disturbances from parents and other family members.

      Conclusions

      Female adolescents are a unique population affected by obesity. Although incorporating both lifestyle-related behavioral and psychosocial factors in future investigations and developing multicomponent interventions for obesity prevention are crucial, female adolescents should receive the utmost attention from researchers to alleviate the health burden of obesity.

      Practice implications

      The intertwined nature of obesity-related factors warrants future investigations to elaborate their roles interplaying with the risk of obesity. Multicomponent interventions should be developed, and nurses and health-care providers should target their efforts on obesity prevention for this specific population.

      Keywords

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