Instruments and Tools Article Collection
- Caregivers encounter difficulties differentiating fear and pain experienced by children and tend to interpret what children may feel, often resulting in inadequate pain management. While many pain self-assessment scales are available, there is no validated self-assessment fear scale for children.
- Gluten-free diet (GFD) is a lonely lifelong management for patients with celiac disease (CD), which may affect their quality of life (QoL). This can be evaluated by generic or specific instruments. We aimed to translate, validate and cross-culturally adapt a specific-CD instrument to Moroccan-Arabic version (M-CD-DUX), and then apply it to evaluate the QoL of Moroccan celiac children.
- This article describes the translation and qualitative assessment and small scale validation of two spirituality scales designed for children from English to Dutch and includes the translation and validation process and the results of the two most commonly used and best validated measurement instruments for spirituality in children: the Feeling Good, Living Life scale (FGLL) by Fisher (2004, 2009) and the Spirituality Sensitivity Scale for Children by Stoyles et al. (2012).
- This study was conducted to determine the Turkish validity-reliability of the Children's Emotional Manifestation Scale (CEMS).
- The aim of this study was to develop a cardiovascular health behavior scale for children and to assess its psychometric properties.